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危险气体泄漏该如何应急处置呢

日期:2022-01-29 23:13
浏览次数:123
摘要: 1 氢气(H2) 易燃易爆气体 一旦发生大的泄漏,应迅速撤离泄漏污染区人员至上风处,并立即隔离,严格限制进入。疏散无关人员并建立警戒区。切断火源,尽可能切断泄漏气源,打开所有的门窗,让其自然通风,加速扩散。如有可能,将漏出气体用排风机送至空旷地方或装设适当喷头烧掉。 2 一氧化碳(CO) 易燃易爆、剧毒气体 区域人员迅速撤离泄漏污染区上风无一氧化碳处。泄漏区附近禁止吸烟、消除所有明火、火花或火焰。切断电源,禁止用水直接冲击泄漏物或泄...

1  氢气(H2)


易燃易爆气体


YIDANFASHENGDADEXIELOU,YINGXUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGLIJIGELI,YANGEXIANZHIJINRU。SHUSANWUGUANRENYUANBINGJIANLIJINGJIEQU。QIEDUANHUOYUAN,JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUQIYUAN,DAKAISUOYOUDEMENCHUANG,RANGQIZIRANTONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。


2  一氧化碳(CO)


易燃易爆、剧毒气体


QUYURENYUANXUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQUSHANGFENGWUYIYANGHUATANCHU。XIELOUQUFUJINJINZHIXIYAN、XIAOCHUSUOYOUMINGHUO、HUOHUAHUOHUOYAN。QIEDUANDIANYUAN,JINZHIYONGSHUIZHIJIECHONGJIXIELOUWUHUOXIELOUYUAN,PENWUZHUANGSHUIYIZHIHUOGAIBIANZHENGQIYUNLIUXIANG,CHOUPAI(SHINEI)HUOQIANGLITONGFENG(SHIWAI)。FANGZHIXIELOUWUJINRUSHUITI、XIASHUIDAO、DIXIASHIHUOMIBIXINGKONGJIAN。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。YEKEYIYONGGUANLUDAOZHILUZHONG、AODIFENSHAO。LOUQIRONGQIBUNENGZAIYONG,QIEYAOJINGGUOJISHUCHULIYIXIAOCHUKENENGSHENGXIADEQITI。JINZHIJIECHUHUOKUAYUEXIELOUWU。ZUOYESHISUOYOUSHEBEIYINGJIEDI。ZHIDINGKEXINGDEDULOUFANGAN,ZAIBAOZHENGANQUANDEQINGKUANGXIADULOU。


硫化氢(H2S)
易燃易爆、有毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIZHIQITISANJIN。QIEDUANHUOYUAN,HELITONGFENG,QIEDUANQIYUAN,PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI、RONGJIE,ZHUYISHOUJIBINGCHULIFEISHUI。CHOUPAI(SHINEI)HUOQIANGLITONGFENG(SHIWAI)。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGCANYUQITIHUOLOUCHUQIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHISHUIXITAHUOYUTAXIANGLIANDETONGFENGCHUNEIHUOSHIQITONGGUOSANLVHUATIESHUIRONGYE,GUANLUZHUANGZHIHUIZHUANGZHIYIFANGZHIRONGYEDAOXI。

 

天然气(沼气)


易燃易爆气体


XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGJINXINGGELI,YANGEXIANZHICHURU。QIEDUANHUOYUAN,JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUYUAN,HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。FANGZHIXIELOUWUJINRUSHOUXIANZHIDEKONGJIAN(RUXIASHUIDAODENG),YIBIMIANFASHENGBAOZHA。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGFANGBAOPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。


5  丙烯(C3H6)
易燃易爆气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIZHIQITISANJIN。XIAOCHUSUOYOUDIANHUOYUAN(XIELOUQUFUJINJINZHIXIYAN、XIAOCHUSUOYOUMINGHUO、HUOHUAHUOHUOYAN)。KONGZHIXIELOU,QIEDUANQIYUAN。PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI、RONGJIE。FANGZHIXIELOUWUTONGGUOXIASHUIDAO、TONGFENGXITONGHEMIBIXINGKONGJIANKUOSAN。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。


6  丙烷(C3H8)
易燃易爆气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIZHIQITISANJIN。XIAOCHUSUOYOUDIANHUOYUAN(XIELOUQUFUJINJINZHIXIYAN、XIAOCHUSUOYOUMINGHUO、HUOHUAHUOHUOYAN)。KONGZHIXIELOU,QIEDUANQIYUAN。PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI、RONGJIE。FANGZHIXIELOUWUTONGGUOXIASHUIDAO、TONGFENGXITONGHEMIBIXINGKONGJIANKUOSAN。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。


7  乙炔(C2H2)
易燃易爆气体

 

QUYURENYUANLIJICHELIXIELOUQUDAOSHANGFENGQU,SHUSANWUGUANRENYUANBINGJIANLIJINGJIEQU,QIEDUANXIELOUYUAN,ZAIQUEBAOANQUANDEQINGKUANGXIADULOU,DANBUDESHIYONGJIN、YIN、TONGZHIGONGJU。XIAOCHUSUOYOUDIANHUOYUAN(XIELOUQUFUJINJINZHIXIYAN、XIAOCHUSUOYOUMINGHUO、HUOHUAHUOHUOYAN)。FANGZHIXIELOUWUJINRUSHUITI、XIASHUIDAO、DIXIASHIHUOMIBIXINGKONGJIAN。JINZHIJIECHUHEKUAYUEHUILOUWU。YONGPENWUZHUANGSHUIYIZHIZHENGQIHUOGAIBIANZHENGQILIUXIANG。


8  环氧乙烷(C2H4O)
易燃易爆气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGLIJIJINXINGGELI。JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUYUAN,YONGGONGYEFUGAICENGHUOXIFU/XISHOUJIGAIZHUXIELOUDIANFUJINDEXIASHUIDAODENGDIFANG,FANGZHIQITIJINRU。HELITONGFENG,JIAQIANGKUOSAN。PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI、RONGJIE。GOUZHUWEIDIHUOWAKENGSHOURONGCHANSHENGDEDALIANGFEISHUI。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。LOUQIRONGQIYAOTUOSHANCHULI、XIUFU、JIANYANHOUZAIYONG。


9  液化石油气
易燃易爆气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,JIANLIJINGJIEQU。XIAOCHUSUOYOUDIANHUOYUAN(XIELOUQUFUJINJINZHIXIYAN、XIAOCHUSUOYOUMINGHUO、HUOHUAHUOHUOYAN)。KONGZHIXIELOU,QIEDUANQIYUAN。PENWUZHUANGSHUIYIZHIHUOGAIBIANZHENGQILIUXIANG。ZAIBAOZHENGANQUANDEQINGKUANGXIADULOUHUOFANZHUANXIELOUDERONGQI(GANGPING)YIMIANYETILOUCHU。FANGZHIXIELOUWUTONGGUOXIASHUIDAO、TONGFENGXITONGHEMIBIXINGKONGJIANKUOSAN。JINZHIJIECHUHEKUAYUEXIELOUWU。PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHESHIDANGPENTOUSHAODIAO。


10  氯化氢(HCL)
遇水后有强腐蚀性气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGLIJIJINXINGGELI,YANGEXIANZHICHURU。CHUANFANGDU(HUA)FU。CONGSHANGFENGXIANGJINRUXIANCHANG。CAIQUCUOSHI,JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUYUAN。HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。PENANSHUI(XIJIANSHUI)HUOWUZHUANGSHUIZHONGHE、RONGJIE。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGCANYUQITIHUOLOUCHUQITIDAODAOSHOUJIXITONGHUOZHONGHERONGYE。CHUZHICHANSHENGDEFEISHUIHELOUQIRONGQITUOSHANCHULI。


11  氯气(Cl2)
剧毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGXIANG,BINGLIJIJINXINGGELI(JINGJIE),YANGEXIANZHICHURU。CONGSHANGFENGXIANGJINRUXIANCHANG,BIMIANYUYIGUI、SONGJIEYOU、ANDENGWUZHIJIECHU。JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUYUAN。HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。PENWUZHUANGSHUIHUOXIJIANSHUIRONGJIE、ZHONGHE。YEKEJIEHECHOUPAI(SHINEI)HUOQIANGLITONGFENG(SHIWAI)。RUYOUKENENG,JIANGXIELOUDELVQIHUOYELVDAOZHISHOUJIXITONGHUOZHONGHERONGYE,YEKEJIANGLOUQIGANGPINGJINRUSHIHUIRUYEZHONG,CHUZHICHANSHENGDEFEISHUIHELOUQIRONGQITUOSHANCHULI。

 

12  氨气(NH3)
易爆、剧毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIZHIQITISANJIN,QIEDUANHUOYUAN。XIANCHANGPENHANYANSUANDEWUZHUANGSHUIZHONGHE、XISHI、RONGJIE,RANHOUCHOUPAI(SHINEI)HUOQIANGLITONGFENG(SHIWAI)。YEKEJIANGCANYUQITIHUOLOUCHUQIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHISHUIXITAHUOYUTAXIANGLIANDETONGFENGCHUNEI。JINZHIJIECHUHEKUAYUEXIELOUWU。ZAIBAOZHENGANQUANDEQINGKUANGXIADULOUHUOFANZHUANXIELOUDERONGQI(GANGPING)YIMIANYETILOUCHU。FANGZHIXIELOUWUJINRUSHUITI、XIASHUIDAO、DIXIASHIHUOMIBIXINGKONGJIAN。


13  一氧化氮(NO)
有毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,LIJIGELI,YANGEXIANZHICHURU,BINGGELIZHIQITISANJIN。GUANBIXIELOUFAMEN,QIEDUANXIELOUYUAN,WUSHIXIELOUWUYUKERANWUZHI(MUCAI、ZHI、YOUDENG)JIECHU,PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI、RONGJIE,HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。YOUTIAOJIANKEGOUZHUWEIDIHUOWAKENGSHOURONGCHANSHENGDEDALIANGFEISHUI。YINGJIANGXIRUYOUDUQITIDEHUANZHELIJISONGYIYUANZHENZHI。


14  二氧化氮(NO2)
剧毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIYANGEXIANZHICHURU,ZHIQITISANJIN。JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUYUAN。RUOSHIQITI,HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。RUOSHIYETI,YONGDALIANGSHUICHONGXI,XISHIHOUFANGRUFEISHUIXITONG。RUODALIANGXIELOU,GOUZHUWEIDIHUOWAKENGSHOURONG,PENWUZHUANGSHUILENGQUEHEXISHOUZHENGQI。


15  二氧化硫(SO2)
有毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGLIJIJINXINGGELI,YANGEXIANZHICHURU,ZHIQITISANJIN。CONGSHANGFENGCHUJINRUXIANCHANG,JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUYUAN,FANGZHIQITIJINRUXIASHUIDAO,HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。PENWUZHUANGSHUIXISHI、RONGJIE。RUYOUKENENG,KEYONGBUJIQISHIQITITONGGUOJIANXINGRONGYEXISHOU,ZHONGDURENYUANYINGLIJITUOLIZHONGDUXIANCHANG,JINGWO、BAONUAN、XIYANG,YONGQINGSHUIHUOSHENGLIYANSHUICHEDIXIYANJIEMONANGHOUSONGYIYUANZHI LIAO。

 

16  煤气
易燃易爆、有毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIZHIQITISANJIN。QIEDUANHUOYUAN,JINKENENGQIEDUANXIELOUQIFAMEN,HUOCAIYONGDULOUJISHUHEGONGJUDULOU。HELITONGFENG,JIASUKUOSAN。FANGZHIXIELOUMEIQIJINRUXIASHUIDAO、DIXIASHIHUOMIBIXINGKONGJIAN。RUYOUKENENGJIANGLOUCHUQITIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHIKONGKUANGDIFANGHUOZHUANGSHEPENTOUSHAODIAO,YEKEYIYONGGUANLUDAOZHILUZHONGHUOKONGKUANGDIFENSHAO。

 

17  光气(COCL2碳酰氯)
易燃易爆有毒气体

 

XUNSUCHELIXIELOUWURANQURENYUANZHISHANGFENGCHU,BINGGELIZHIZHIQITISANJIN。XIAFENGXIANGCHELIZHI500MI。QIEDUANQIYUAN。XIANCHANGPENANSHUIHUOQITAXIJIANYEZHONGHE。RANHOUCHOUPAI(SHINEI)HUOQIANGLIPAIFENG(SHIWAI)。YEKEJIANGCANYUQIHUOLOUCHUQIYONGPAIFENGJISONGZHISHUIXITAXIANGLIANDETONGFENGCHUNEI。JINZHIJIECHUHEKUAYUEXIELOUWU。ZAIBAOZHENGANQUANDEQINGKUANGXIADULOUHUOFANZHUANXIELOUDERONGQIYIBIMIANYETILOUCHU。FANGZHIXIELOUWUJINRUSHUITI、XIASHUIDAO、DIXIASHIHUOMIBIXINGKONGJIAN。LOUQIRONGQIBUNENGZAIYONG,QIEYAOJINGGUOJISHUCHULIYIXIAOCHUKENENGSHENGXIADEQITI。